Where BEF Operates
Black Earth Farming operates in four Russian regions, namely Kursk, Lipetsk, Tambov and Voronezh. Together with Belgorod and Oryol they form what is called the Central Black Earth Region of Russia. The soil type, Chernozem or "black earth", has a black color and contains a high percentage of humus as well as high natural percentages of nutrients such as phosphorus and ammonia. It usually has great depth, over 1 meter, and exhibits a clay like structure which facilitates agricultural field works and is also favorable for retaining water.
There are two "Chernozem belts" in the world: The Eastern European which stretches from Northern Serbia, through Bulgaria (Danubian Plain) and Romania (Wallachian Plain), northeast Ukraine across the Central Black Earth Region and southern Russia into Siberia, with the other one in the Canadian Prairies.
The climatic zone in the Central Black Earth Region allows for one harvest per year from July through to October depending on the crop. Different seasonal classes of crops such as winter and spring varieties depending on when the crop is seeded, are used to spread the planting and field work periods, as well as harvesting work to maximize capacity utilization and allow for a sustainable crop rotation. Average annual precipitation in these prime crop producting regions of European Russia is approximately 300 millimeters during the growing season (April through October). The weather might be compared roughly to that of Nebraska or South Dakota in the US or proximate crop growing regions in Canada.